once a British colony, is a beautiful landlocked country situated
in the eastern part of Africa along the equator. The countries of
Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania, Kenya, and Sudan
surround its borders.
It covers an area of approximately
240,000 square km and has a population of about 23 million people.
Uganda's beauty, wildlife diversity, and friendly people justify
its reputation as 'The Pearl of Africa'. The habitats are
immensely varied and it can be stated without exaggeration that Uganda
is one of the most biologically diverse nations on the continent: with
forests, snow-capped mountains, savannah, crater lakes, and
Uganda has substantial natural resources, including
fertile soils, regular rainfall, and sizeable mineral deposits of
copper and cobalt. Agriculture is the most important sector of the
economy and it employs over 80% of the workforce. Coffee is the
major export crop. It is a country politically divided into 56
districts, each with its full administrative unit representing all
sectors of government and the economy.
The president of
Uganda is Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, and he has been the president
since 1986. The president heads the Executive, assisted by the
Vice president and the cabinet ministers. The parliament which is the
legislative arm of government consists of members elected by the
people. The Judiciary is formed by various forms of judicature
which are independent of other arms of government.
Uganda became a British Protectorate in 1894 and gained independence in
1962. October 9th is Uganda’s independence Day celebrated
emblem is the coat of arms. Standing on a green
mound is a shield and two crossed spears. The green symbolizes
Uganda's rich, green vegetation. Supporting the shield are the
Uganda Kob, symbolizing abundance of wildlife; and the Crested
Crane, Uganda's national bird.
The shield and spears
symbolize our readiness to defend our motherland against all
enemies. Across the top of the shield are the waves of Lake
Victoria, the second largest fresh water lake on earth. In the center
of the shield is the sun, representing Uganda's glorious sunny days.
At the bottom of the shield is the traditional African
drum, used for dancing, ceremonial rituals, and for summoning the
people to rally. Coffee and cotton, Uganda's main cash crops, are
displayed on the green mound; together with the River Nile, the
world's longest river; which starts its 8 000 km (5 000 mile)
journey in Uganda.
motto is "For God and My Country".
The uganda flag has the colors of
the crested crane, the national bird, which is featured on the
flag. The crested crane represents Uganda's beauty; black represents the
people; yellow, warmth and the sun; and red, the blood of
The National Anthem
Oh, Uganda! may God uphold thee,
our future in thy hand;
United, free for liberty together
we'll always stand.
Oh, Uganda! the land of freedom,
Our love and labor we give;
And with neighbors all
At our country's call
In peace and friendship we'll live.
Oh, Uganda! the
land that feeds us,
By sun and fertile soil grown;
For our own dear land,
We'll always stand,
The Pearl of Africa’s Crown.